Tunnel Vision: Making Every Pitch Look The Same

First and foremost – Velocity is STILL King, and for the foreseeable future, it will remain king. However, with the emphasis over the past ten years of throwing harder and harder, I feel that the art of pitching has been lost.

This article is for the reader that would like to get back to learning how to pitch and pitch effectively. One way to do this is to master the concept of “Effective Velocity.”

The Foundation of Effective Velocity

Before we get into the complex details, I want to start with the foundation of Effective Velocity, which is “pitch tunneling.” Pitch tunneling is rarely ever mentioned amongst other important aspects of training for pitchers, but every pitcher should instill this in their off-season training and put to use when they’re on the mound.

Pitching can be as simple or as complicated as you choose to make it.

It goes from as simple as the catcher setting up on the outside part of the plate, and you throwing the ball. Or, it can be as detailed as knowing which pitch to throw, in what situation and why.

Physically, the act of pitching is pretty complex. There are a lot of moving parts within the delivery that need to be moving in concert with each other. These parts all need to be synced in the correct order to ensure accuracy and maximum velocity (when necessary) of each pitch.

In the movie “Bull Durham,” Crash Davis (played by Kevin Costner), tells rookie pitcher, Nuke LaLoosh:

“Don’t think, it can only hurt the ball club.”

Baseball has traditionally struggled with its intellectuals, dismissing them as peculiar or eccentric. Think Barry Zito.

I want to make this clear – every pitcher, EVERY one of them, should be thinking along with their catcher and pitching coach, as to what pitch, what speed, and what location they should throw the ball.

Baseball has always been far more comfortable with its traditions; look at how long it took Major League Baseball to come around on instant replay! However, many MLB organizations are still in the pre-historic age when it comes to instituting new theories and philosophies – whether it is how they draft players, develop players, manage in-game situations, or their overall organizational philosophy.

In any competitive endeavor, the goal is to gain an advantage over your opponent, one that you can exploit. Pitchers have been trying to gain this vital inch on their adversary, the hitter, since the first pitch was thrown. The ultimate goal of any pitcher, when bringing the game down to pitch-by-pitch, is to miss the barrel.

Because of its complex nature, pitching has had it’s more than a fair share of theories. Most have fizzled out, proven just to be a flash in the pan. Think of how many gimmicky advertisements you see online or even on TV that guarantee this and that (Please do me a favor, run away as fast as you can from anyone that guarantee’s to add 10-15mph of velocity in 30 days – RUN).

However, one theory has taken MLB organizations by surprise with some traction on its research of more than 12,000 amateur at-bats, and more than 5 million pitches, a theory of design and level of success. The man that created this theory and the driving force behind its success is, Perry Husband.

Who is Perry Husband, you ask?

Perry Husband has more than ten years of research in the art of timing in the field of hitting, which has led to some amazing discoveries in what hitters can do, and more importantly, what they cannot do.

At CSU Northridge, he was co-captain of the NCAA Division II champs in 1984 and was named MVP of the College World Series. After two years in the pro ranks at the minor league level with the Minnesota Twins organization, he pursued a career as a PGA teaching apprentice in Southern California. After teaching golf for four years, Perry opened and operated The Baseball Academy for the better part of 17 years. He has written three books, “Downright Filthy Pitching,” “Downright Filthy Pitching: The Hitter’s Attention Theory,” and “Downright Filthy Pitching: The Science of Pitching Sequencing.”

What is Pitch Tunneling?

Husband’s theory on ‘Pitch Tunneling’ is centered on that every hitter must decide to swing no later than the first 20 ft. a pitch is in the air.

Business Insider Science produced an excellent video explaining this concept:

Now, I’m sure everyone reading this article will understand that pitchers throw fastballs, upwards of 60% throughout the duration of a game, therefore — the pitcher’s fastball trajectory will be the baseline that the hitter will read and react, in comparison with other pitches thrown.

To use this tidbit of information to our advantage, we need to train ourselves to have every pitch look the same for 20ft (or as close to this mark as possible). This will make it far more difficult for the hitter to get an early read on the trajectory, spin, velocity and location of the pitch.

Check out the video below of Yu Darvish and how all FIVE of his pitches are thrown consistently through the same tunnel, making him one of the most difficult pitchers to face in Major League Baseball.


According to Husband’s research, a normal strike zone, when extrapolated to 20 feet from a pitcher’s release point, measures 13 inches by 10 inches. This philosophy states that if a pitch passes through this tunnel of 13” x 10” not only will the pitch theoretically be a strike, but also be more difficult for the hitter to hit the pitch with 100% on time contact.

How to Improve Your Pitch Tunneling

So you may be asking, “how can I start training myself to throw all my pitches through the same tunnel?”

One of the easiest and the most cost-effective training methods is right in your pocket! The iPhone is a tremendous tool — it records video at 120 frames per second, allowing anyone to break down their mechanics and their pitches frame by frame!

I suggest recording from behind the pitcher’s head (preferably from above his throwing arm), also from behind the catcher (you can position the camera or iPhone in each batter’s box). Each angle provides valuable information to the pitcher when training; i.e. how each pitch will look to lefties and righties, its downward angle, and break of the pitch.

Now, I want to speak candidly here; this process will take time, especially with youth and high school-aged pitchers, because at this age level pitchers do not throw their off-speed pitches with the same intent and arm speed as their fastball (this is key!). Most youth/ high school aged pitchers will have their breaking balls “pop” out of their hand, making it easier for a hitter to recognize that an off-speed pitch is on the way. This is where arm speed is vital!

Success with this type of training is measured in building the neuro-pathways of the pitching delivery, throwing each pitch with the same intent, out of the same tunnel.

This will take hundreds, if not thousands of pitches thrown, over the course of tens of hours of training! It won’t come easy! But the success and results that will follow all of the hard work will make it well worth it.

By studying your pitching from the eye of the batter, you’ll be able to begin understanding how your pitch tunneling looks to the batter.



Why Building Muscle Mass Will Improve Your Pitching Velocity

Gaining pitching velocity is hard. I get it. It’s not easy, and it can feel overwhelming not knowing why you haven’t been making progress.  Here’s the thing: most high school and college pitchers don’t have the frame – and in particular, the muscle mass required to generate the elite velocity they are after.

Ready to invest 5 minutes? This article will open your eyes to the necessity of muscle mass – and strength – when it comes to maximizing your velocity development.

Why Building Muscle Mass Will Improve Your Pitching Velocity

A muscle’s size is directly proportional to its maximum contractile strength. Period. Excellent pitching velocity is a result of being able to transfer a large amount of force into the baseball as quickly as possible. To create the arm speed necessary to do this requires a coordinated set of mechanics that efficiently generates and transfers energy from the muscles of the lower body to the trunk, to the shoulder, elbow, wrist and ball. The more force (energy) that can be created, and perhaps more importantly -transferred, the harder you will throw.

Simple enough. What this means is that the most efficient mechanics in the world won’t lead to elite velocities if the pitcher in question is 120 pounds soaking wet!

While having poor mechanics that don’t efficiently transfer energy is a large reason many amateur pitchers don’t have impressive velocity, a bigger reason is that they simply aren’t very strong or powerful. In fact, pitchers tend to be some of the least physically prepared athletes out there, especially at the high school level and below.


What is Lean Body Mass?

I’m about to blow your mind.  Ready?  Lean body mass is a measure of how much non-fat mass an individual is carrying. In other words, if a 200 lb individual is 10% body fat, that means that his fat mass is ~20 lbs and his lean body mass is ~180 lbs.

Although lean body mass also includes other components such as bone, blood, organs, etc, these factors are more or less constant. Because directly measuring muscle mass requires very expensive equipment, lean body mass is actually a reasonably good way of measuring how much muscle somebody is carrying.

In other words, if you get bigger and it’s not all body fat? Congratulations, you just gained muscle mass.

But not all muscle mass is created equal – knowing where your personal deficiencies and limiting factors are helps determine the emphasis of your training and what parts of your body you will need to add the most mass.

The following chart shows how much lean mass players have in high school, college and professional baseball.

lean body mass in baseball
These massive jumps from high school to college ball, and college ball to the professional levels highlight how important lean body mass can be.

Some of these differences can be accounted for in terms of variance in height (taller people have more bone mass, for example, which counts towards lean body mass). However, there is a disproportionately large gap between levels, strongly suggesting that the differences are, in large part, due to muscle mass.

As you can see, these are just general correlations.

Big pitchers dont always throw hard, and small pitchers do sometimes throw exceptionally hard (though this is exceedingly rare, and “small” for a big leaguer is still about 170 or 180 lbs).

Exploiting This Information to Throw Gas

Realize that if you want to throw as hard as you are capable of, you’re going to have to build an appreciable amount of muscle mass and strength. Whatever your frame can hold, we want to come close to maxing that out.

We go into this in-depth in [eafl id=”1022″ name=”Building the 95 MPH Body” text=”Building the 95 MPH Body”], but for now here is a useful set of realistic guidelines we came up with to shoot for.

lean mass baseball guidelines

Find the row that corresponds to your height. For example, at 6’3”, I am about 215 lbs at 12% body fat. This puts me above the minimum target weight (~205 lbs at 12%), making it unlikely that my muscularity is a major limiting factor for velocity. Still, these tables predict as much as 12 lbs of lean body mass that could still be up for the taking.

If you need help calculating your lean body mass, you can download my free tool:


Do You Have What it Takes?

Building the 95 MPH BodyIf you’re a high school or college pitcher, and still 30 lbs away from the low end of these guidelines above, you have some work to do.

While things like height and arm length are out of your control, gaining as much lean body mass as your frame can hold is entirely within your control. Get as big and strong as you can while maintaining excellent movement quality. Shoot to be within the general weight range for MLB pitchers of your height.

It’s only one piece of the puzzle, but it’s one that many high school players are entirely overlooking.

For more information, check out our training program to build mass in baseball players, [eafl id=”1022″ name=”Building the 95 MPH Body” text=”Building the 95 MPH Body”].



Mass Equals Gas

Why Building Muscle Mass Will Improve Your Pitching Velocity



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